Trading Post continuous well data recorder installation

During November and December 2020, the Friends of the Pecos National Historical Park, NPS/PECO park staff, and NM Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources have been working together to install a continuous well data recorder in the recently drilled Trading Post water well.

During the recent trading post renovation and restoration project, a replacement water well was drilled to replace the previous contaminated well.

During the past three years, Friends president, David Lemke, has been working on an independent water well monitoring with the NM Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources’ Aquifer Mapping Program, Collaborative Well Network. The Park has granted access to some of the water wells on their various properties at the Glorieta Battlefield and Forked Lightning Ranch. Each of these wells are visited on an annual basis to measure top of water with the intention of ongoing monitoring water levels in the Upper Pecos water basin. This monitoring program is a first of its kind in the Pecos/Glorieta area. The new Trading Post well (UP-04746) was drilled under the supervision of Glorieta Geoscience, Inc. The quality of their technical work made this well an appealing candidate for inclusion in the Aquifer Mapping Program’s continuous monitoring network.

A continuously monitored water well has a vanEssen Instruments TD-Diver submersible datalogger installed in the well bore. This datalogger provides long-term uninterrupted, real-time water level monitoring using a pressure sensor to calculate total water depth.

  • Pecos National Historical Park Trading post well
  • Pecos National Historical Park Trading post well logger installation
  • Pecos National Historical Park Trading post well logger installation
  • Pecos National Historical Park Trading post well logger installation
  • Pecos National Historical Park Trading post well logger installation
  • Pecos National Historical Park Trading post well logger installation
  • Trading post well logger installation

If you have a domestic water well in the Pecos/Rowe/Glorieta area and interested in more information about the Aquifer Mapping Program, or would like to have your domestic water well included in the Upper Pecos Basin Collaborative Well Network, contact David Lemke.

Kozlowski Trading Post Renovation Project at the Park

Travelers driving highway NM-63 between Pecos and Rowe will see the iconic mandarin orange and blue trimmed adobe historic Kozlowski Trading Post on Forked Lightning Ranch at the Glorieta Creek crossing.  The close observer will have noticed a transformation over the past couple of years.

In early 2019, the Pecos National Historical Park was awarded funding for a rehabilitation and partial restoration project of the Trading Post.  Work was planned to provide a visitor contact station at the park, a museum, and employee office space.  The project was funded through visitor entrance fees from parks around the country. The Park Service partnered with Weil Construction of Albuquerque, Avanyu General Contracting of Española and Pat Taylor Historic Preservation of Mesilla NM.  Primary rehabilitation and restoration work were completed in June 2020.  Additionally, a new 400 ft water well was drilled to replace the previous well that had become contaminated.  Plans and work are underway to open the Trading Post to the visiting public.  Exhibit design, which includes refining of display content and fabrication of exhibits are in progress.  The hopes are that this work will be completed during the Winter 2021-2022.

Historical restoration work at the Trading Post was limited to restoring the gate entrance to its historic size during the Tex Austin ranching days in the 1920s.

Photo credit: NPS PECO

Dating back to 1810, past travelers started using the crossing at Glorieta Creek as a rest camp.  In 1821, when the Santa Fe Trail was established, it became a regular stopover camp.  In those days, water flowed and fish were plentiful in the Creek.  It wasn’t until 1858, when Polish immigrant Martin Kozlowski and his wife Ellene, using his military service 160-acre government bounty land warrant to purchase 600 acres, settled there and the trading post was established.  This trading post was part of a growing enterprise including a stage station.  During the Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass, this building served as a Union hospital. The arrival of the Acheson Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad in 1880 rendered the Santa Fe Trail obsolete and Kozlowski’s Trading Post less relevant.  The property stayed in the Kozlowski family until the 1920s when it was lost due to failure to pay taxes.

In 1925, rodeo-promoter and entrepreneur “Tex” Austin purchased 6000 acres of Pecos Pueblo land grant, the building, and turned it into ranch headquarters for his famous Forked Lightning Ranch. The one historical restoration in this project restored the courtyard opening back to “Tex” Austin days.   In the 1940s, E.E. “Buddy” Fogelson bought the ranch and then brought his Hollywood actress wife, Oscar-winning Greer Garson, to the Forked Lightning Ranch. Together, they worked the land as a hobby ranch and entertained many Hollywood guests. After Greer Garson’s death, the property was sold to the Conservation Fund in 1991, then donated to the National Park Service.  The Trading Post was used it as office space until 2005, when the building was deemed unfit for occupancy. 

Enjoy some in progress, before and after comparison photos taken during the project.

  • Kozlowski trading post at Pecos National Historical Park
Photo credit: NPS PECO

Photo credit: NPS PECO

Photo credit: NPS PECO

Stan Ford Wins Photo of the Year

The Friends of the Pecos National Historical Park congratulate Stan on winning the Photo of the Year Award from the Doña Ana Photography Club. Stan Ford was the Artist in Residence at the Pecos National Historical Park in 2016. Since then Stan has taught several Night Sky Photography workshops at the Mission and the Forked Lightning Ranch House. Much of the photography featured on our website, and the NPS/Pecos website are contributed by Stan. If you attend any of the Park’s various annual events, like Civil War Encampment or Las Posadas, you will find Stan, with camera in hand, creating a photographic documentary of the day.

Were looking forward to seeing Stan at another workshop in 2021.

Stan’s photography can be found at www.fotosbyford.com

Stan Ford wins Photo of the Year 2020

Congratulations Stan!

Prescribed Burn Planned at Pecos National Historical Park

Pecos, NM– Pecos National Historical Park is planning to implement a prescribed burn project that will begin when conditions allow anytime from early November and through the end of winter. The pile burn project, encompassing approximately 10 acres, is located along Highway 63 between the park entrance road and the Village of Pecos within areas that have been previously thinned and where materials have been piled. The burn operation is expected to be completed in one day and is not expected to necessitate road closures. Implementation is dependent upon on weather and fuel conditions.  

The purpose of this burn will be to reduce hazardous fuels and the chance for future high-intensity fire.  

Smoke from the burn may be visible from Pecos, Rowe, I-25, and surrounding public lands. Smoke can linger a few days after the burn.  

A final decision on whether to proceed with the prescribed burn will depend on multiple conditions, including the national wildland fire preparedness level and resource availability, fuel moisture levels, air quality and forecasted weather. The NPS will also take a risk-informed approach to managing prescribed fire during the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Prescribed fire is part of a science-based framework for managing pinyon-juniper forests in the park to reduce the risk of high-severity wildfire and allow low-intensity fire to play its natural role in a frequent-fire ecosystem. Every prescribed burn is designed to meet specific objectives and will be managed with firefighter and public safety as the first priority.  

The NPS manages prescribed fires in compliance with New Mexico state regulations on air quality and smoke management. Smoke-sensitive individuals and people with respiratory problems or heart disease are encouraged to take precautionary measures. Information on air quality and protecting your health can be found online at the New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) website. Information on the Forest Stewards Guild’s HEPA Filter Loan Program is available here.  

All fire updates will be posted on the park’s website, Facebook page and New Mexico Fire Information website.  

For more information about the park in general, contact Pecos NHP at (505) 757-7241 or visit our website at www.nps.gov/peco. You will also find our listings on the New Mexico True website (newmexico.org) and Tourism Santa Fe (santafe.org). Please like on us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PecosNHPnps or Instagram (https://www.instagram.com/pecos_nps).  

From I-25 N: Take the Pecos/Glorieta Exit, #299. Left onto overpass, right onto Route 50; proceed on Route 50 for eight miles. At the village of Pecos, take a right at the four-way stop onto Route 63. In two miles, the park will be on your right. From I-25 S: Take the Rowe Exit, #307. Follow signs. From Highway 63, the park will be on your left.  

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About the National Park Service: More than 20,000 NPS employees care for America’s 422 national parks and work with communities across the nation to help preserve local history and create close-to-home recreational opportunities. Learn more at 
www.nps.gov.  

Becky Latanich
Pecos National Historical Park
Chief of Interpretation and Education
PO Box 418
Pecos, NM 87552
(505)757-7210

Cancelled: 2020 Feast Day Celebration at Pecos Pueblo

Pecos, NM: Pecos National Historical Park has cancelled this year’s Feast Day at Pecos Pueblo in an effort to support federal, state, and local efforts to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and to adhere to the latest guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Feast Day Procession
Feast Day Procession – 2019

Feast Day at Pecos Pueblo, which usually takes place every August, represents the fulfillment of a long-standing promise.  Before leaving Pecos Pueblo in 1838, the last inhabitants of Pecos Pueblo entrusted a special painting to St. Anthony’s Parish in the Village of Pecos. This portrait depicts the patron saint bestowed upon the Mission of Pecos in the 1620s. This year would have marked the 50th anniversary of the local community fulfilling its promise to perpetually honor the saint by celebrating a feast day mass in the remains of her final church.

For more information contact Pecos NHP at (505) 757-7241 or visit www.nps.gov/peco. You will also find our listings on the New Mexico True website (newmexico.org) and Tourism Santa Fe (santafe.org). Please like us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PecosNHPnps or Instagram (https://www.instagram.com/pecos_nps).

 From I-25 N: Take the Pecos/Glorieta Exit, #299. Left onto overpass, right onto Route 50; proceed on Route 50 for eight miles. At the village of Pecos, take a right at the four-way stop onto Route 63. In two miles, the park will be on your right. From I-25 S: Take the Rowe Exit, #307. Follow signs. From Highway 63, the park will be on your left.

Becky Latanich
Pecos National Historical Park
Chief of Interpretation and Education
PO Box 418
Pecos, NM 87552
Teleworking M-F (505) 699-8486

National Park Service’s Pueblo Parks Group Implements Stage II Fire Restrictions

Due to the increased risk of wildfire in the region, the Pueblo Parks Group, which includes Bandelier National Monument, Fort Union National Monument, Pecos National Historical Park, and Valles Caldera National Preserve, will enter Stage II fire restrictions on Wednesday, May 20, 2020 at 8:00 AM. These restrictions are necessary to help land management agencies reduce fire risk and prevent wildfires.
Under Stage II restrictions:
• All fires are prohibited, including campfires, charcoal grills, and coal and wood stoves. The use of petroleum-fueled stoves, lanterns, propane grills, or heating devices is allowed three feet or more from flammable material such as grasses or pine needles.
• Smoking is prohibited, except in enclosed vehicles or buildings.
• Welding or operating acetylene or other torches with an open flame is prohibited.
• Operating or using any internal combustion engine off paved or graveled roads is prohibited. Generators are allowed if equipped with an approved spark arresting device and used in an area that is barren or clear of all overhead and surrounding flammable materials within 3 feet of the generator.
• The use of all firearms and explosives are prohibited, including but not limited to, fuses or blasting caps, fireworks, rockets, exploding targets, and tracers or incendiary ammunition.
• The operation of motor vehicles off established roads, motorized trails or established parking areas is prohibited, except when parking in an area devoid or vegetation within 10 feet of the roadway.
Several criteria are used to determine when to implement fire restrictions, including fire activity levels, current and predicted weather, fuel moisture, and the availability of firefighting resources. Fire restriction criteria are routinely evaluated, and restrictions could be upgraded or downgraded at any time. Therefore, visitors should check the park’s website for alerts. Know before you go. Fire restrictions in New Mexico can be found at www.firerestrictions.us/nm and fire updates are posted on the New Mexico Fire Information website at https://www.nmfireinfo.com.

Pecos NHP Offers Free Lecture: The Battle of Glorieta Pass: Gettysburg of the West?

Pecos, NM:  At first glance, the similarities are intriguing; Both Gettysburg and the Battle of Glorieta Pass involved Confederate invasions of Union territory, occurred over a three-day period, and resulted in Union strategic victories.

Civil War Glorieta Battlefield
Photo credit: Stan Ford – fotosbyford.com

Both Glorieta and Gettysburg are Class A battlefields, a designation given only to sites of decisive conflicts. Despite all this, is it possible that their differences are more significant than their similarities? Let’s talk about it on Thursday, March 26th at 7:00 p.m. at the Vista Grande Public Library!

Dr. Claudia Floyd is retired Professor of History at Stevenson University in Baltimore, Maryland. She was a volunteer at Monocacy National Battlefield and is now a volunteer at Pecos National Historical Park and a guide at the New Mexico History Museum.

Please note, this program will take place at the Vista Grande Public Library, which is located at 14 Avenida Torreon, Santa Fe, NM 87508.  Space is limited, so please arrive early.

For more information about the park contact Pecos NHP at (505) 757-7241 or visit our website at www.nps.gov/peco. You will also find our listings on the New Mexico True website (newmexico.org) and Tourism Santa Fe (santafe.org). Please like on us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PecosNHPnps or Instagram (https://www.instagram.com/pecos_nps).

2020 Civil War Encampment – March 28th

2020 Civil War Encampment

Schedule of Events and Location

Pecos, NM:  The annual Civil War Encampment at Pecos National Historical Park will take place Saturday, March 28th from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.  This free, family-friendly event will bring to life the experience of the Civil War in New Mexico.  Interact with living history participants, take a ride in a horse-drawn wagon, witness black powder demonstrations, and hear speakers share their expertise on life during the Civil War in the West.  Children of all ages can make crafts, play historical games, and meet the snakes from the American International Rattlesnake Museum.

Schedule of Events:

Black Powder Demonstration

10:00 a.m. – 10:45 a.m.

See, hear and experience the power of black powder weapons like rifles, cannon and muskets.

Kids’ Activities

10:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.

Stop by the kids’ tent to create and decorate a 19th century optical illusion toy called a thaumatrope, re-create the Pecos Valley during the Battle of Glorieta with Lincoln Logs, toy soldiers, and horses or have a friendly competition playing the popular Civil War-era game of quoits.

Horse-Drawn Wagon Rides

11:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.

Civil War Encampment at Pecos National Historical ParkTravel back in time as you enjoy a free horse-drawn wagon rides between the Visitor Center and the encampment field. The horse rides are a popular attraction, so be sure to arrive early!

 Lecture: Field Artillery of the Civil War

11:00 a.m. – 11:45 a.m.

Field artillery provided a heavy punch with a long reach to both Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War. Ken Dusenberry of the Artillery Company of New Mexico will break down the basics of how and why artillery was used in the 19th century with a specific emphasis on the types of artillery used in the Battle of Glorieta and the Battle of Valverde.

 

Live Snakes!

12:00 p.m. -12:45 p.m.

Join the American International Rattlesnake Museum for a live snake presentation.  Learn more about the vital role that snakes play in this rugged environment, the challenges they face, and what we can do to be safe around our slithering neighbors.

 Black Powder Demonstration

Civil War Encampment at Pecos National Historical Park

2:00 p.m. – 2:45 p.m.

See, hear and experience the power of black powder weapons like rifles, cannon and muskets.

 

All events are free and open to the public.  From I-25 N: Take the Pecos/Glorieta Exit, #299. Left onto overpass, right onto Route 50; proceed on Route 50 for eight miles. At the village of Pecos, take a right at the four-way stop onto Route 63. In two miles, the park will be on your right. From I-25 S: Take the Rowe Exit, #307. Follow signs. From Highway 63, the park will be on your left. Please be sure to check in at the information tent upon arrival to confirm event locations and times.  

Civil War Encampment Many thanks to park partners including the Friends of Pecos National Historical Park, Western National Parks Association, the Artillery Company of New Mexico, the 9th Texas Infantry Unit, 4th Texas Mounted Volunteers, the Civil War Ladies League  and the 3rd NM Volunteers Living History Unit from Fort Union National Monument for their invaluable help with this event.

 For more information about the park in general, contact Pecos NHP at (505) 757-7241 or visit our website at www.nps.gov/peco. You will also find our listings on the New Mexico True website (newmexico.org) and Tourism Santa Fe (santafe.org). Please like on us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/PecosNHPnps or follow us on Instagram (https://www.instagram.com/pecos_nps).