Because it is so close to the mission, some archaeologists believe South Pueblo was a separate community, more allied with the Spaniards than the more traditional North Pueblo people. Two-thirds of the pueblo remains in the unexcavated mound, extending toward the church.
These walls and doorways on the hill above you tell us much about the living arrangements in South Pueblo. In this multi-storied pueblo, families occupied rooms on all levels. Rooms opening to the outside were living quarters, while those opening only into other rooms were for sleeping and storage. Doorless ground floor rooms were entered through the roof and used from trash disposal. Because of their small size, these rooms were easy to heat.